Reading Comprehension Time: 45 minutes icon

Reading Comprehension Time: 45 minutes



НазваниеReading Comprehension Time: 45 minutes
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Материалы муниципального этапа всероссийской олимпиады

по английскому языку 2010-2011 гг.


Reading Comprehension

Time: 45 minutes

Task 1

You are going to read a newspaper article about older people playing computer games. Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the list (A - H) the one which fit each gap (1-6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).


A

Because of their greater spending ability, “grey gamers” are better consumers than teenagers, and targeting them would be comparatively more profitable for the business.

B

On the other hand, “grey gamers” have a preference for slower paced, mind challenging games and would not mind being beaten by their grandchildren in a fact action game with space invaders and extraterrestrial creatures.

C

Mental activity, as well as physical exercise, can contribute to better health.

D

Some people argue that “grey gamers” simply don’t have the skills required for computer games, and that teenagers are infinitely better.

E

This is how the myth of the older, computer-illiterate person was created.

F

In many western countries, life expectancy has increased and there are now far more older people than were a few generations ago.

G

There’s a greater variety of games to choose from, including more intellectual and sophisticated strategy and stimulation games.

H

Many experts were surprised when when this study was published several years ago.



^ THE GREY GAMERS



One form of social prejudice against older people is the belief that they cannot comprehend or use modern technology. Activities like computer games, surfing the Net and downloading MP3s are privilege of the youngsters. It isn’t unfair that older people enjoying a computer game should be frowned upon by their children and grandchildren? Besides, the population profile has changed.

frame1 In Britain, for instance, there are more people over sixty than there are under sixteen. Nowadays older people have more control over their lives and they play a full part in society.

Moreover, better health care has left more people in their sixties and seventies feeling fit and active after retirement. frame2 Playing computer games is a very effective way of exercising the brain.

When personal computers were first introduced, most older people felt intimidated by informational technology and didn’t believe they would ever familiarize themselves with it. frame3

Computers have been around for a few generations now and retired people have gradually become more relaxed about using them for recreation. Gamers over 65 prefer playing puzzle games and card games like Mahjong, Solitaire and Gin Rummy. Kate Stevens, aged 72, says: “I find it very relaxing. It’s not very demanding, but you still need to concentrate”.

Another development that has favoured “grey gamers”, as older people who are keen on computer games are known, is a change in the type of videogames available on the market.

frame4 Internet Chess and Train Stimulator are among the most popular of these. Train Stimulator is based on real world rail activities. Players can choose from a variety of challenges, such as keeping to a strict timetable despite unforeseen obstacles and using helper engines during a winter storm.

frame5This couldn’t be further from the truth. Most computer games require the kind of analytical thinking that improves with practice, which means that the “grey gamers” may well be far better than opponents half a century younger than them.

In games where speed is the main consideration, older people would be at a disadvantage because they may have slower reaction times. frame6

Peter Brown, aged 76, says: “When we visit our grandchildren, we play games on the Internet like chess and Scrabble. If I try to make things easier for them, they realize it and get annoyed. They don’t have a problem losing. But when we play their games, they just have to win”.

The type of advertising used by videogame manufactures suggests that they are still aiming almost exclusively at teenagers. Game industries haven’t yet woken up to the fact that a vast potential market exists out there.

frame7 It’s time someone let the manufacturers into the secrete.



^ TRANSFER ALL YOUR ANSWERS TO YOUR ANSWER SHEET


Task 2

You are going to read a magazine article about ways to revise for exams. For questions 1-9 choose from the people A-F. The people may be chosen more than once. There is an example at the beginning (0).


^ Tom Chapman

A

Throughout the term, I often use the computer to do essays and make notes. I save all these, with a folder to the subject. If I have my homework marked by my teacher, and there are mistakes or problems, I update the file so that it always has the most recent and correct information. When exam time comes and I want to revise for a particular subject, I just pull up those files and make a copy – all on one document. What I usually do then is go through all the information, deleting everything but the basic facts, so I have a shortened version of all my notes – with none of the unnecessary information like essay introductions and conclusions. Then I split it into pages and read through them one at a time. PowerPoint’s good for that because you can watch it like a slide show, memorizing the information before the screen changes.


^ Helen Ward

B

Two or three of us get together at someone’s house. We have all our books and notes with us, and we go through them week by week – sort of re-living the school term. We often find that we have forgotten what we’ve been taught – especially in the first weeks of term because it’s so long ago, so having someone else there means it’s more likely that one of you will remember. We usually do that for a couple of hours, and then we play music and chat.

^ John Hunter

C

I find it helps me to copy important information onto pieces of paper. It’s easy to look up a particular fact then. Sometimes, I read the information on a page and then cross it out, one line at a time. When I get to the end, I try to remember what I’ve written. I think the secrete is not put too much information on each sheet – you’ll never remember a page full of facts. So, for that reason, I often use small white cards. I write a sentence or a date on each card, then learn them by heart. If it’s literature, I might have a card for each character, and note down his or her main characteristics.

^ Carly Dalton

D

Get away! You’ll never revise in your room – there are too many other things you want to do. You’ll sit down to revise and think, ‘Oh, I’ll just check my emails’ or ‘Let’s just put on this CD’. Before you know it, you’ll have written to all your friends and read the entire lyrics of your favourite singer. You’ll probably even have joined his fan club! I usually go to my aunt’s house, but if it’s not raining, you can do it in the park.

^ Tim Bolton

E

Revision is on-going process. Or, it should be, if you ask my opinion. Once a week, on Sunday evening, read through your notes from school. Do it while they are fresh in your mind. This also gives you the opportunity to ask your teacher on Monday morning if there’s something you haven’t quite understood. Then, have a quick look through on the day before the exam, and you should sail through it!

^ Samantha Middleton

F

It’s a bit complicated! I do it in two stages. The first is in the evening when I’m still wide awake. I sit at my desk and read my notes aloud. On my desk is a small voice recorder with a microphone, so I record my notes. Then I go and do something different, like watching TV or talk to my sister. Stage two is at bedtime. As I get into bed, I play back what I have recorded. Sometimes, I’m no longer awake when it reaches the end, but I don’t think that matters. I think some of the information still sinks in! I often wake up in the morning having worked out a particular problem in my head.



^ Which people:

recommends changing the environment where to study?

0

D

thinks it’s better to revise in company?

1




mentions taking a break while revising?

2




says it’s important not to put too much on a page?

3




talks about distractions?

4




uses modern technology to make their notes shorter?

5




mentions studying at weekends?

6




spends the least time revising before an exam?

7




believes they might be still learning while asleep?

8




combines revision with social activities?

9





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