Рекомендации по проведению районной олимпиады по английскому языку в 2008году icon

Рекомендации по проведению районной олимпиады по английскому языку в 2008году



НазваниеРекомендации по проведению районной олимпиады по английскому языку в 2008году
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Дата конвертации04.11.2012
Размер0.61 Mb.
ТипКонкурс
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Приложение 4


Конкурс письменной речи (Writing)

^ Participant’s ID number





















Present your personal view on one of the issues below, using relevant reasons and/or examples to support your point of view. Write 180 - 200 words.

Time: 45 minutes


1. Society should identify those children who have special talents and abilities and begin training them at an early age.

2. The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones.

Приложение 1

Лист заданий к конкурсу понимания устного текста (Listening)

Конкурс понимания устного текста (Listening) 9-10 класс

Listening


Items 1 - 10 are based on episode 1. You will hear three people talking about the Russian studies in Britain. For items 1-5 decide whether the statements are TRUE (A), FALSE (B) or the statement is NOT STATED on the tape (C).


1. The Centre for Russian and East European Studies at Birmingham University was founded in 1917.

( )

2. During the 1970s people in England were not interested in the situation in East European countries.

( )

3. Before perestroika due to the lack of communication Russian was taught as Latin or any other dead language. ( )


4. Nowadays the number of British students interested in the Russian language and culture is increasing. ( )

5. Most British students who have chosen to learn Russian are fully aware of why they need it. ( )


You will hear the episode again. This time for items 6 -10 choose the best answer A, B, C or D.


6. Just before the period of ‘glastnost’ and perestroika the Russian language

A. was very popular among general public in the United Kingdom.

B. was admired by the students at Birmingham University.

C. was not as popular as Russian literature and culture.

D. was not an object of intense interest in Britain.


^ 7. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the number of British students who did Russian has

A. dramatically increased.

B. remained the same.

C. declined.



8. Before people start learning Russian they think that the main problem is going to be

A. its case system.

B. its alphabet.

C. its verb aspects.

D. its verbs of motion.


^ 9. The Russian vocabulary is not easy to learn because

A. it bears no resemblance to the English words.

B. learners cannot guess the meaning of Russian verb aspects.

C. Russian has a complicated semantic structure.


10. British students find Russian grammar difficult to master since

A. the case system in Russian is very complex.

B. they did not study Latin, which could have helped.

C. it is different from the grammar of Germanic languages.

D. they do not know the basic principles of the language.


^ TRANSFER ALL YOUR ANSWERS TO YOUR ANSWER SHEET

Приложение 1


LISTENING COMPREHENSION


ANSWER SHEET


ID NUMBER





















1

A

B

C




2

A

B

C




3

A

B

C




4

A

B

C




5

A

B

C




6

A

B

C

D

7

A

B

C

D

8

A

B

C

D

9

A

B

C

D

10

A

B

C

D



Приложение 1


Tapescript

Russian is also studied in England. One of the most well known centers for the teaching of Russian is Birmingham University.

Michael Pushkin:

Russian studies at Birmingham University began in 1917, as it happens. The Centre for Russian and East European Studies was founded in 1963 towards the end of the famous Khrushchev Thaw when a number of such centres specializing in the social sciences, as well as language, literature, culture, were established in Britain. In the 1960s Russian was fairly popular I would say at university. During the 1970s there was some considerable decline in interest , which may have been to do with a lack of interest in what was happening in the Soviet Union at the time. As soon as the period of glasnost and perestroika began, there was a great interest in this country among the public in general in Mikhail Gorbachev. Then we began to get a much larger number of students interested in coming to do Russian. After the collapse of the Soviet Union numbers started to go down again. And yet more recently, they began to go up again as a result of, perhaps, something to do with the stabilization of the situation in Russia in the last few years. So Russian studies seem to go on a historical zigzag, you might say.

Julian Moss:

Oh, yeah, it’s exotic, and people think it’s hard. And quite a few people really understand why you’d want to study Russian – this strange country over in the east where it always snows. Why would you want to learn that language? Before they start learning Russian, they think the alphabet is going to be really difficult. But after two or three days they see the alphabet isn’t the problem at all. The main problems, I’d say, are in the grammar and the vocabulary - the grammar because it’s an inflected language with all the different endings – that’s something that we are not just used to in English. If the student has studied, say, Latin or German, they’ve got some idea of it. But otherwise, they are not really sure. There are bits of grammar - verb aspects, all sorts of verbs of motion, they find difficult. And the vocabulary . Because Russian is a Slavonic language, it’s… - A lot of the vocabulary is quite a long away from English. So it’s not easy to guess, and they find it quite difficult to learn.

Student:

I think probably just the fact that because it’s such a different language, the semantic structure is very difficult. I find that really hard because I’ve learned other languages like French and Spanish before. And because you know the principles of the language already, it’s quite easy. But with Russian, obviously, we don’t have a case system in English. And also, quite often I write things , I’ll translate it as though just from English into Russian. But it won’t make sense to a Russian person at all.


Приложение 1

Listening

KEYS



1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

B

C

C

A

B

D

C

B

A

A



Приложение 5


Конкурс устной речи (Speaking)

Task 1


(Monologue; Time: 1,5 minutes)


In a minute you will have to speak about theatre.


^ Please, tell us about your attitude to it.

What do you think about the famous quote: “All the world’s a stage,

And all the men and women are merely players:

They have their exits and their entrances;

And one man in his time plays many parts …”?


Who is the author of these words? What these words mean to you?


Your answers will be recorded.


Task 2


(Dialogue; Time: 5 minutes)


Imagine that you and your partner manage a ^ STUDENT THEATRE AT YOUR SCHOOL. You have to attract some new members. How can you do it? What are the best ways to make your theatre attractive and successful? Each of you should propose different ways of attracting new members, you need to discuss that and decide which of your ideas will suit the purpose to provoke interest and motivate the desire to work in the SCHOOL THEATRE best. You can use the table below.


6 possible ways to attract students to work in a school theatre:



1. putting an advertisement on your school board

4. going to the theatre with your friends

2. writing an article in a school newspaper

5. offering school theatre members financial support

3. inviting a famous actor to your school

6. participating in the festival of school theatres



Your answers will be recorded.

Приложение 6

Аудирование (Listening)

^ SCRIPT


You’ll hear 6 people talking about recent experiences they have had. Match what you hear from each speaker 1-6 with the statements marked A-G. Use letters once only. There is an extra statement you don’t need to use. You’ll hear the recording twice. Fill the boxes in the table with your answers.


^ Now we are ready to start.


Speaker 1 (m)

My band did our first ever public performance last week. It was at a local festival and we were all really nervous before it. Personally I was dreading it because we hadn’t really rehearsed enough but it went really well. As soon as we started playing, the audience started dancing and we got more and more confident. It felt great to be part of something that sounded so good and that other people were really enjoying. I felt that I’d really achieved something.


^ Speaker 2 (f)

A friend of mine took me to meet her new boyfriend last week. I’d heard all about him from her and the way she painted him he was the most interesting person on the planet. The reality was somewhat different, though. He turned out to be one of the dullest people I’ve ever met – all he could talk about was himself and I’d had enough of that before long. I couldn’t wait for the evening to end, he was really getting on my nerves. I had thought I was going to be really jealous but I think she’s making a big mistake there.


^ Speaker 3 (m)

I went out to a café with some friends last Friday. They were all celebrating something – their football team had just won something – and they all got a bit carried away. They were all laughing and shouting and singing really loud and everyone was looking at us. It was awful, I didn’t know where to put my face. People were telling them to shut up and I didn’t want anyone to know I was with them. The whole thing made me really uncomfortable and in the end I just left.


^ Speaker 4 (f)

I went shopping with a friend of mine the other day. We were looking for something new to wear. It didn’t take her long to find something for her – she always seems to find something that looks great on her without any trouble. I, on the other hand, then trailed round loads of shops and couldn’t find a single thing that suited me. I really wished I was like her – straight into a shop and straight out with just what she wants. It’s never like that for me and I think she got really fed up waiting for me to find something.


^ Speaker 5 (m)

I went round to a friend’s place not long ago, and he surprised me by telling me all his personal problems. I’d had no idea that all these things were going on and it took him quite a long time to tell me all about them. Well, they seemed to me to be the sort of things that happen to most people but he was so upset that I felt really sorry for him and tried my best to cheer him up. I’m not sure if I did any good but I hope so.


^ Speaker 6 (f)

I went to a party last weekend and there were lots of people there that I didn’t know. They’d come from another region, a place I know very little about, and I got talking to them about their lives. It was incredible to hear them describing some of the things they do and the way they live and they told me lots of extraordinary things. We were talking together for ages and the conversation just went on and on. I was sorry when I had to go because there were lots more things I wanted to find out about.


You will hear five short stories or announcements. For items 7-11 circle 1, 2, 3 or 4 according to the answer option you choose. You will hear the recording once only.


7

North London Arts runs a diverse range of foundation degrees. Our speciality is giving learners skills that they can turn into employment or the qualifications to go on to study at degree level. Our higher education courses can provide opportunities for people who might otherwise think that higher education is not for them. The main features of foundation degrees are strong employer involvement, work placements and clear top-up routes to university degrees.


8

When asked to list the elements in food that can cause ill health, the usual suspects which people mention are fat, sugar and salt. I believe that most of us have a vague understanding of how fat and sugar can be harmful, ranging from ‘makes you fat’ to ‘rots your teeth’. But when it comes to salt, people seem unclear about why it must be limited. We do need a little salt in the diet, but what we require is found naturally in fresh produce and grains, so it is highly unlikely that you would ever need to make an effort to include it.


9

In planning her day, Melissa Briskman had not given the weather a thought. As she sat shivering outside a New York café in early February, her only defence against the winter storm forecast for that day was a light wool coat. ‘I just wear what I want to wear when I want to wear it,’ she told me. Melissa is a member of a small but influential group of New Yorkers, mostly young, who when temperatures plunge below freezing point ignore cold winds and conventional notions of dressing for the season. As a result, they might wear light summer dresses all year round. And now, designers are following their lead.


10

At 8pm tonight is the first of five parts in the award-winning series Big Bangs, first shown in 2000. This series is about important points in the history of music and the first part looks at the invention of notation – the use of written symbols for notes in music. The programme begins with the first ideas of marks above lyrics to indicate the tune. Always entertaining and highly informative, this is how documentaries should be.


11

Playgrounds in Britain must not be too safe if they are to attract children away from dangerous areas such as railway lines, canals and roadsides, an expert says. David Yearley, a play safety expert, says that places to play should be exciting and stimulating to contribute to children’s physical and psychological development. Playgrounds should be ‘as safe as necessary, not as safe as possible’. He says that parents must accept that children sometimes hurt themselves at play; the key was to make sure that they did not hurt themselves seriously. Years of concentrating solely on safety had led to the spread of ‘boring’ public play areas, he said. It was time to shift the focus to ‘controlled risk’.


^ This is the end of the listening comprehension section of the test.


Приложение 6

Задания к аудированию (Listening)


Task 1


You’ll hear 6 people talking about recent experiences they have had. Match what you hear from each speaker 1-6 with the statements marked A-G. Use letters once only. There is an extra statement you don’t need to use. You’ll hear the recording twice. Fill the boxes in the table with your answers.


^ A. I was embarrassed.

B. I was fascinated.

C. I was confused.

D. I was envious.

E. I was sympathetic.

F. I was bored.

G. I was proud.



Speaker

1

2

3

4

5

6

Statement





















Task 2


You will hear five short stories or announcements. For items 7-11 circle 1, 2, 3 or 4 according to the answer option you choose. You will hear the recording once only.


7. The courses provided by North London Arts are aimed at people who

1. already have university degrees.

2. have previously failed in getting higher education.

3. wish to do a university degree later.

4. are currently doing full-time jobs.


8. One point that the speaker makes about salt is that

1. it is not as harmful as some people think.

2. it is less harmful than fat or sugar.

3. there is no need to add it to food.

4. different foods contain different amounts of it.

9 What does the speaker say about Melissa?

1. She is often asked about the way she dresses.

2. She sometimes regrets her choice of clothes.

3. She thinks carefully about what she is going to wear.

4. She is partly responsible for starting a new fashion.


10. The programme at 8pm tonight

1. is about the history of musical instruments.

2. has some weaknesses.

3. is likely to win an award.

4. has been on TV before.


11. What is David Yearley’s opinion on children’s playgrounds in Britain?

1. They are often not in the right locations.

2. They are not always as safe as people think they are.

3. There has been too much emphasis on making sure they are safe.

4. There are often too many parents on them.


^ TRANSFER ALL YOUR ANSWERS TO YOUR ANSWER SHEET

Приложение 6


KEYS



Item







1

G




2

F




3

A




4

D




5

E




6

B




7

1

2

3

4

8

1

2

3

4

9

1

2

3

4

10

1

2

3

4

11

1

2

3

4



Приложение 6

Answer sheet

^ ID NUMBER






















1




2




3




4




5




6




7













8













9













10













11














Приложение 7


Reading
^

Time: 45 minutes




Part 1


Read the text “The Truth about the Environment” and answer three groups of questions below.


The Truth about the Environment.


For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. They have developed a hit-list of our main fears: that natural resources are running out; that the population is ever growing, leaving less and less to eat; that species are becoming extinct in vast numbers; and that the planet’s air and water are becoming ever more polluted.


But a quick look at the facts shows a different picture. First, energy and other natural resources have become more abundant, not less so, since the book ‘The Limits to Growth’ was published in 1972 by a group of scientists. Second, more food is now produced per head of the world’s population than at any time in history. Fewer people are starving. Third, although species are indeed becoming extinct, only about 0,7% of them are expected to disappear in the next 50 years, not 25-50%, as has so often been predicted. And finally, most forms of environmental pollution either appear to have been exaggerated, or are transient – associated with the early phases of industrialisation and therefore best cured not by restricting economic growth, but by accelerating it. One form of pollution – the release of greenhouse gases that causes global warming – does appear to be a phenomenon that is going to extend well into our future, but its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem. A bigger problem may well turn out to be an inappropriate response to it.


Yet opinion polls suggest that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.


One is the lopsidedness built into scientific research. Scientific funding goes mainly to areas with many problems. That may be wise policy, but it will also create an impression that many more potential problems exist than is the case.


Secondly, environmental groups need to be noticed by the mass media. They also need to keep the money rolling in. Understandably, perhaps, they sometimes overstate their arguments. In 1997, for example, the World Wide Fund for Nature issued a press release entitled: ‘Two thirds of the world’s forests lost forever’. The truth turns out to be nearer 20%.


Though these groups are run overwhelmingly by selfless folk, they nevertheless share many of the characteristics of other lobby groups. That would matter less if people applied the same degree of scepticism to environmental lobbying as they do to lobby groups in other fields. A trade organisation arguing for, say, weaker pollution controls is instantly seen as self-interested. Yet a green organisation opposing such a weakening is seen as altruistic, even if an impartial view of the controls in question might suggest they are doing more harm than good.


A third source of confusion is the attitude of the media. People are clearly more curious about bad news than good. Newspapers and broadcasters are there to provide what the public wants. That, however, can lead to significant distortions of perception. An example was America’s encounter with El Nino in 1997 and 1998. This climatic phenomenon was accused of wrecking tourism, causing allergies, melting the ski-slopes and causing 22 deaths. However, according to an article in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, the damage it did was estimated at $4 billion but the benefits amounted to some $19 billion. These came from higher winter temperatures (which saved an estimated 850 lives, reduced heating costs and diminished spring floods caused by meltwaters).


The fourth factor is poor individual perception. People worry that the endless rise in the amount of stuff everyone throws away will cause the world to run out of places to dispose of waste. Yet, even if America’s trash output continues to rise as it has done in the past, and even if the American population doubles by 2100, all the rubbish America produces through the entire 21st century will still take up only one-12, 000th of the area of the entire United States.


So what of global warming? As we know, carbon dioxide emissions are causing the planet to warm. The best estimates are that the temperatures will rise by 2-3 oC in this century, causing considerable problems, at a total cost of $5,000 billion.


Despite the intuition that something drastic needs to be done about such a costly problem, economic analyses clearly show it will be far more expensive to cut carbon dioxide emissions radically than to pay the costs of adaptation to the increased temperature. A model by one of the main authors of the United Nations Climate Change Panel shows how an expected temperature increase of 2.1 degrees in 2100 would only be diminished to an increase of 1.9 degrees. Or to put it another way, the temperature increase that the planet would have experienced in 2094 would be postponed to 2100.


So this does not prevent global warming, but merely buys the world six years. Yet the costs of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, for the United States alone, will be higher than the cost of solving the world’s single, most pressing health problem: providing universal access to clean drinking water and sanitation. Such measures would avoid 2 million deaths every year, and prevent half a billion people from becoming seriously ill.


It is crucial that we look at the facts if we want to make the best possible decisions for the future. It may be costly to be overly optimistic – but more costly still to be too pessimistic.


Приложение 7
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